The Thermionic Ionization
Detector is similar in design to the FID and NPD.
The electrically heated thermionic bead (TID bead) is positioned so that
the column effluent contacts the hot bead surface. Analyte molecules containing
NO2 (nitro) functional groups such as
TNT (trinitrotoluene) undergo a catalytic surface chemistry reaction.
The resulting ions are attracted to a collector electrode, amplified,
then output to the data system.
The TID is extremely
selective, having little or no response to most aromatic and aliphatic
hydrocarbons. This detector also responds to chlorinated phenols, such
as pentachlorophenol (PCP), at slightly less sensitivity.
For optimum sensitivity,
the TID requires air for operation. If air is used as the carrier gas,
no other detector gases are required. An air makeup gas is provided so
that nitrogen or another gas can be used as a carrier. The TID can also
be operated in a nitrogen only environment with similar but not identical